Calcium deficiency refers to lack of adequate calcium in the body. It is seen more in women than in men. Calcium deficiency is seen in women after pregnancy, and those in their postmenopausal phase.
Calcium helps in the growth and development of bones and teeth. It regularizes the heart beat, helps in blood clotting, and allows for conduct of nerve impulses. Taking calcium supplements (1000 mg to 1500 mg every day) treats its deficiency. However, excess calcium intake may lead to constipation or bloating.
The symptoms of calcium deficiency are muscle cramping, dry skin, brittle nails, increased PMS, fractures and breakages, and toxicity. By taking more of calcium enriched foods as supplements, the condition of calcium deficiency can be treated significantly.
Health Benefits of Calcium
The health benefits of calcium are many. The most important ones are, it helps in maintaining bone health and dental health. It also helps in the prevention of colon cancer and the reduction of obesity. Calcium is an essential mineral for the human body from birth to old age. It protects cardiac muscles, helps maintain optimal body weight, controls blood pressure and prevents premenstrual depression.
Infants require calcium for proper bone and tooth growth; adolescents for bones development, and for the aged to lead a healthy life. As one gets older, the bones become porous and weak. This condition requires us to take ample calcium. Calcium also helps in reducing the risk of kidney stones, promotes healthy alkaline level and transportation of nutrients in the body.
Women in the post menopausal stage witness heavy loss of calcium, which makes them greatly prone to osteoporosis, a condition where the bones turn brittle and weak. It is extremely important to take enough of calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, and K2 throughout tender and adolescence years.
- Calcium forms 2% of total body weight
- Calcium helps in the formation of bones and teeth
- Presence of calcium in the blood prevents hemorrhages
- Lack of calcium leads to the condition of osteoporosis
Diet & Calcium
Milk and dairy products are rich sources of calcium. Nuts, seeds and pulses also provide sufficient amount of calcium. Leafy green vegetables including broccoli, spinach, orange juice, cereals, oysters, rice beverages, soy, almonds, black-eyed peas and green peas can enhance the calcium content in the diet.