When melanocytes stop producing melanin, then white patches start on the body. It can start at any age but it predominantly appears between the 20 and 30 years age group. It often appears on the body parts which are exposed to the sun and slowly spread throughout the body. The main reason for vitiligo is the loss of pigmentation. It appears equally in both men and women.
It often occurs in different individuals in the same family. Almost 30 to 40% of people who are affected with vitiligo also have a family member in it. There are 5% chances that it can transfer from mother to baby. But still, there is no particular proof of how and why it is hereditary.
Yes, we can stop spreading vitiligo by immediate medication. After recognizing the white patches on the body immediately consult a dermatologist to stop spreading all over the body.
It occurs due to the loss of pigment in the skin. But there are no research proofs that it will cause cancer. But in some cases, skin cancer-affected people are also affected by vitiligo. But till now there is no proof that it will cause cancer.
Vitiligo will not be caused by stress but, if melanocytes stop producing melanin then it occurs. There are some cases where it is increased by stress. If a person is already affected by vitiligo then the white patches will spread over the body if he is stressed.
If the body has a less immune system then the melanocytes stop producing melanin that causes vitiligo. So there is no separate diet for it. A particular fruit or food cannot cure it. A proper and complete nutritional diet from different fruits and vegetables will prevent it.
Many people believe that milk causes vitiligo or milk is not advisable for vitiligo patients. But it is just a myth. As milk contains calcium and nutrition levels that improve immunity in the body. So as milk is an essential diet for people who are having vitiligo.
There is no difference between leucoderma and vitiligo. Leuco means white and derma means patches. Another name for it is leucoderma.