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double-mutant-covid-symptoms
By Medicover Hospitals / 07 May 2021

Home | blog | Symptoms Of Covid Double Mutant

Article Context:

  1. Overview
  2. What is double mutant coronavirus?
  3. What are the types of Covid-19 variants found in India?
  4. Covid-19 virus mutations in India
  5. How is it affecting the lungs?
  6. What are the risks of the new variant
  7. FAQ's

Overview

  • COVID cases are on the rise in India at an alarming pace. The second wave of COVID may reportedly be approaching its peak, with several cases recorded in recent days. All this, despite having a prioritized vaccination campaign present in the country.Increasing indecision about vaccines, poor preventive measures in place, and the emergence of newer strains are said to have increased the rise in COVID cases. Add to the concerns is the identification of a double mutant viral strain, which some believe has contributed to the exponential rise in COVID-19 cases across the country.
  • What is double mutant coronavirus?

  • Since the novel coronavirus outbreak, people have been battling the ever-growing list of symptoms, long-term complications, and the effects of different COVID mutations in and around the world. The recent surge in coronavirus cases is clear from the risks posed by evolving new mutations, tracked in various parts of India.
  • What are the types of Covid-19 variants found in India?

  • Broadly, four coronavirus strains in India are responsible for most Covid-19 cases and several others that are locally concentrated and region-specific variants.
  • The Covid-19 Brazil variant is formally known as the "B.1.1.28" variant - This Covid-19 variant is said to have originated in Brazil and is reportedly responsible for 1.4 million cases of rupees and over 3.5 lakh deaths due to Coronavirus in the South American country. India has seen a good portion of the cases of Brazilian coronavirus strains.
  • The Covid-19 South Africa variant is officially known as the "B.1.351" variant; the outbreak of this variant in South Africa has affected over 15 lakh citizens and over 50,000 lives have been lost on the continent of African because of it. Few cases of the South Africa strain of coronavirus have also been reported in India.
  • The UK Covid-19 variant is officially known as the "B.1.1.7" variant, and it has been used most times in and around Delhi and Punjab the "British Covid variant-19 " or " Kent Variant." A large number of cases in the second wave of Coronavirus have been attributed to the UK variant of Coronavirus. Aside from the usual coronavirus symptoms of fever, body pain, persistent cough, and loss of smell and taste, those affected by the British strain Covid-19 have also complained of conjunctivitis, skin rashes, an upset stomach, sore throat, and discoloration of the toes and fingers.
  • Covid-19 N440K variant and Covid-19 E484Q variant: These variants have been responsible for many coronavirus cases in Maharashtra and Kerala, Dr. VK Paul, a member of Niti Aayog (Health), had previously confirmed.
  • Version of Covid-19 B.1.36: This is a Bengaluru-specific variant that has been detected in many Covid-19 cases.
  • Covid-19 virus mutations in India

  • In addition to the Covid-19 India variants, there are also several Coronavirus mutations in the country. As the virus spreads, it mutates and replicates, with mutations being considered by some to be the reason behind the deadliest second wave of Covid in India.
  • At first, the Covid-19 outbreak (reportedly from Wuhan in China) was a single-strain outbreak, it mutated but as it moved from people to people and between countries. ICMR experts have said they have been constantly monitoring the behavior of Coronavirus mutations in the country.
  • Known Covid-19 mutations in India are Covid-19 double mutant strain:

  • In Punjab, Delhi, and Maharashtra, the double mutant coronavirus strain, or simply a combination of over two Covid-19 types, was discovered in samples. Classified as "variant B.1.617", it contains mutations of two separate coronavirus variants: L452R and E484Q and has been found in about 20% of samples in the state of Maharashtra.
  • Covid-19 triple mutant strain

  • The "triple mutation variant of Covid-19" denotes a strain of one of the three Covid-19 variants listed. A more complex strain, this Coronavirus mutation is considered the reason behind the increase in cases in Maharashtra and Delhi in the second wave, and experts say it is much more contagious.
  • How is it affecting the lungs?

  • The second wave of COVID-19 has hit the country hard, with more than three lakh cases being reported every day. The double mutation virus is much more lethal than the previous one since it constantly attacks the lungs of patients in several cases. Even before the virus showed symptoms, it had already damaged the lungs by up to 25 percent. Post this, once they're tested, many are diagnosed with problems like breathing problems. In several cases, COVID-19 patients' oxygen levels are reported below 80 in just two to three days, making them in urgent need of oxygen. And if a patient does not receive oxygen in time, then his condition can become extremely serious. When compared to the first wave of COVID-19, people's SpO2 (oxygen level) was recorded to be below 88-87 on average, except in extreme cases. But in the second wave, patients' SpO2 levels are reported to be between 70 and 80, which can be extremely dangerous.
  • New and strange symptoms reported

  • With the second wave hitting the country, new symptoms have come to light, making COVID-19 that much more deadly. Even doctors are struggling to figure out why. A while ago, two patients visited Mahatma Gandhi Memorial Medical College Hospital (MGM) with a hearing problem, when tested for COVID-19, they were reported to have tested positive. This is not the only symptom that has left doctors perplexed, blurred eyes, itchy body, tingling in the hand, increased blood pressure can also be the symptoms of COVID-19.
  • No symptoms, but reports keep saying 'COVID-19 positive

  • The new strain's symptoms don't stop there; several patients who had no symptoms were found to be positive. According to one report, if the CT scan value is 35 or less, then the person is COVID-19 positive. Also, if the CT scan value is less than 22, the patient should be hospitalized immediately.
  • Doctors are mainly infected

  • The second wave of COVID does not spare health workers and more than 55 of them tested positive in the city of Jamshedpur, Jharkhand. Tata Main Hospital (TMH), Mahatma Gandhi Memorial (MGM) Medical College Hospital, Tata Motors Hospital, Mercy Hospital, Brahmanand Hospital, and others are among the facilities. Of these, the condition of 17 doctors is said to be very critical, and they are given oxygen or respiratory help. It's taking doctors relatively longer to understand the symptoms within themselves, and by the time they do, their lungs are already quite damaged.
  • What are the risks of the new variant

  • Mutations in the spike gene can make the virus inherently "better" at infecting people or can help the virus escape neutralizing antibodies.
  • This ensures that the virus will re-infect anyone who has already recovered if it mutates in the "right" way.
  • But scientists say that reinfections will be very mild compared to primary infections in people who have been vaccinated or have already recovered from a previous case of Covid-19.
  • But, if the virus can spread by reinfection, it is said to be "penetrating" herd immunity. (Herd immunity occurs when a large part of a community becomes immune to disease through vaccination or the massive spread of the disease.)
  • This puts the most vulnerable people at risk for serious illness, as the virus can move through the herd to reach them.
  • Unlike other versions, the latest Indian double variant is unlikely to be more lethal or inherently transmissible, but more information is required to be certain.
  • Frequently Asked Questions:

    B.1.617, the latest version, was first discovered in India with two mutations, E484Q and L452R. Viruses mutate all the time, as part of evolutionary biology.

    Mild symptoms are fever, sore throat, cough, nausea, muscle pain, diarrhea, and loss of smell and taste.

    While SARS-CoV-2 mutations are expected, it is important to continue to monitor the public health implications of new variants of the virus. Any increase in transmissibility associated with SARS-CoV-2 variants could make control difficult.

    The risk of contracting the COVID-19 virus from the feces of an infected person is listed below.

    COVID-19 is usually more serious in people 60 years of age or older or with health conditions such as lung or heart disease, diabetes, or conditions that affect their immune system.

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