Back Pain – Causes, Signs and Symptoms

    Backpain is often a common reason to get off from the work. Though it is painful and uncomfortable, it is not usually taken as a serious condition. To prevent further complexities, it should be treated as early as possible before it persists for a long time.

    Even though if the back pain affects the people of any age, it significantly be common among all the adults aged in between 35 and 55 years. Back pain is associated with the way our bones, muscles and ligaments in the backs work and connect together.

    Pain in the lower back may linked into the bony lumbar spine, discs in between the vertebrae, ligaments around the spine and discs, spinal cord and nerves, lower back muscles, abdomen and pelvic internal organs, and also  skin around the lumbar area. Pain in the upper back may due to disorders of the aorta, tumors in the chest, and spine inflammation.

    Causes of the back pain:

    Human back is composed of a complex structure for muscles, ligaments, tendons, disks and bones – the segments of spine are cushioned with cartilage-like pads called disks. Problems with any of these components can be lead to the back pain. In some of the cases of back pain, it might cause it if never found.

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    Strain – the most common causes of back pain are:

    • → Strained muscles
    • → Strained ligaments
    • → A muscle spasm

    Things that can lead to strains or spasms include:

    • → Lifting something improperly
    • → Lifting something that is too heavy
    • → The result of an abrupt and awkward movement

    Signs and symptoms:

    A symptom is something that the patient feels and reports, while a sign is something other people, such as the doctor detect.

    Symptoms of the back pain may suggests, an ache or pain anywhere on the back of the body, and sometimes all the way down to the buttocks and legs. Some back issues can cause pain in other parts of the body, depending on the nerves affected.

    In most of the cases, signs and symptoms may clear up on their own within a short period.

    If any of the following signs or symptoms accompanies a back pain, people should see their doctor:

    • Weight loss
    • Elevated body temperature (fever)
    • Inflammation (swelling) on the back
    • Persistent back pain – lying down or resting does not help
    • Pain down the legs
    • Pain reaches below the knees
    • A recent injury, blow or trauma to your back
    • Urinary incontinence – you pee unintentionally (even small amounts)
    • Difficulty urinating – passing urine is hard
    • Fecal incontinence – you lose your bowel control (you poo unintentionally)
    • Numbness around the genitals
    • Numbness around the anus
    • Numbness around the buttocks


    Most GPs (general practitioners, primary care physicians) will be able to diagnose back pain after carrying out a physical examination, and interviewing the patient. In majority of the cases imaging the scans are not be required.
    • X-rays can show the alignment of the bones and whether the patient has arthritis or broken bones. These are not ideal for the detecting problems with the muscles, the spinal cord, nerves or disks.
    • MRI or CT scans – these are good for revealing herniated disks or problems with tissue, tendons, nerves, ligaments, blood vessels, muscles and bones.
    • Bone scan – It may be used for detecting the bone tumors or compression fractures that caused by the brittle bones (osteoporosis). The patient receives an injection of a tracer (a radioactive substance) into a vein. The tracer will collects in the bones and it helps the doctor to detect the bone problems with the aid of a special camera.
    • Electromyography or EMG – the electrical impulses produced by nerves in response to muscles is measured. It can be confirmed as nerve compression which may occur with a herniated disk or spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal).

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