By Medicover Hospitals / 07 April 2022

Home | Articles | Symptoms of abdominal pain due to gallbladder stones and its treatment

By Dr Mahesh Patil
Consultant Gastroenterologist
Published on 10/05/2022

Article Context:

  1. Symptoms
  2. How Are Gallbladder Stones Treated
  • Our gallbladder is a small organ in the abdomen that helps in digesting our food through the secretion of useful enzymes. We can feel abdominal pain when the gallbladder is not working properly and has developed certain ailments like gallbladder stones. But the pain in our gallbladder doesn't always indicate stones. We can feel uncomfortable due to other reasons also like indigestion, heartburn, etc, but constant pain and discomfort in the abdomen also indicate a serious medical problem.
  • Symptoms Of Abdominal Pain Due Gallbladder Stones:

  • Pain in the abdomen is common after eating oily & junk food as it upsets our digestive process leading to indigestion, food-poisining, or heartburn. If you have persistent pain in a particular area of your abdomen that lasts for hours, it can be due to abdominal stones & needs serious medical attention. The following are the indications for gallbladder stones:
    • Pain in the upper side of the stomach, mostly on the right side
    • Shoulder pain mostly in the right shoulder
    • Indigestion or an upset stomach
    • Feeling frequently nauseous
    • Vomiting continuously
    • Sudden chills & discomfort
    • Jaundice
    • Bloating in the abdomen
    • No tolerance for fatty foods
    • Frequent heartburn & gas after eating food

    Some symptoms require immediate medical attention. They are as follows:

    • Severe & persistent stomach pain which lasts for hours
    • Heavy & frequent sweating
    • Indigestion or an upset stomach
    • A continuous feeling of restlessness
    • Frequent chills in the body
    • Passing dark urine

    If you are having any of these symptoms, it is safe to get yourself checked by a gastroenterologist!

    How Are Gallbladder Stones Treated?

  • The treatment options for gallbladder stones depend on their severity. If you are having mild symptoms, your doctor can opt for medication & non-surgical treatment; but if the symptoms are severe, you may be advised for surgery.
  • Following are the treatment options for gallbladder stones:
    • When the gallbladder is removed, bile flows directly from the liver to the small intestine. Diarrhea can occur as a side effect because bile is no longer stored in the gallbladder.
    • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a procedure which is widely used these days to remove stones by making small incisions in the abdomen.
    • Oral dissolution drugs made from bile acid are used to dissolve the stones.
    • Gallstones can also be dissolved using a solution known as Methyl-tert
    • Gallbladder stones are also broken into tiny pieces through extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy which makes the broken stone pass through the bile ducts without causing blockages.
    • Gallbladder stones are also dissolved directly by injecting a drug into the gallbladder through a process known as contact dissolution therapy which is an experimental procedure.

    Conclusion:

  • Pain in the abdomen is often mistaken as indigestion but if you are having constant pain in your abdominal area it can be due to gallbladder stones. The removal of gallbladder stones is important as they can obstruct your bile duct and obstruct the digestive process. Today we have advanced technologies that allow us for quick & safe procedures and help in minimizing discomfort.
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